Victorian Photographers | Bristol

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There were eleven different photographers amongst the Lee sisters Cartes de Vista taken in Bristol. Do you recognise anyone in the photos?

Click on a name to shoot downwards and find out more about the photographer, see the portraits they took and read my thoughts on dates and who they may be.

C Voss Bark, late Beattie & Bark
Photographer to her Majesty The Queen and HRH The Prince of Wales

Strathearn House, Clifton, Bristol

Cyrus Voss BARK was born late 1847 in the St Marks area of Leicester, Leicestershire. He was the second of seven children born to Thomas BARK, a Lace Dealer, Milliner and Hosier from Devon, and Priscilla VOSS (their first born child died age 4 and forth born at only a few months). Cyrus’s parents never moved from Leicester, so seems Cyrus moved down the country on his own in his mid teens to work for the photographer John BEATTIE in Clifton. John BEATTIE was a travelling photographer and had worked in Leicester between 1856-1858 when he moved down to Clifton and set up a settled studio there, firstly at 25 Triangle on Queen’s Road, then at Strathearn House (1 Westbourne Place) from March 1863. Cyrus would have only been between 7 and 10 years of age when Beattie was working in Leicester, so a bit too young to have been as assistant at this time. He was living with his parents in 1861 age 13 and a scholar, and seems most likely that he moved to Clifton around 1864 when he was about 16 but could have arrived earlier. Whether this was specifically to work for BEATTIE I have not been able to ascertain but by 1866 he was managing BEATTIE’s photographic studio at Strathearn House in Clifton.

Cyrus married Lucie Annie BELLOWS towards the end of 1867 when he was 20 and she was 21, then at the end of April of the following year John BEATTIE retired from his profession “in favour of his assistant and successor, Mr Bark“, making his income from property. The name Beattie & Bark seems to have only been used in early 1888 before BEATTIE retired. When Cyrus took over he placed adverts in the local newspapers detailing the change over of management at a list of all the works undertook. He described BEATTIE as his “late partner” rather than being his assistant as BEATTIE himself had described Cyrus.

Cyrus and family continued to live and work from Strathearn House until at least 1886 (BEATIE lived next door at number two in 1871). By this time Cyrus and his wife Lucie had had six children, but sadly lost three of them in infancy. Cyrus was listed at Queen’s Road, Clifton in an 1889 directory, and the family were living at 88 City Road, Bristol in the 1891 census. By 1897 Cyrus and his wife had moved to 31 Meridian Place, Clifton and finally to 71 Ashley Road, Bristol by 1906. Cyrus died 13th March 1913 of heart failure at age 65. His wife Lucie died in 1927 age 81.

The Photos

The posture, framing and clothing of these two photos look to be early 1860’s, but Cyrus didn’t take over the business until 1868. It’s possible they are re-prints from an early session when the studio was run by BEATTIE as negatives were always kept. The card shape with its square corners were in use until the mid 1870’s when rounded corners became popular (there is a rounded corner photo lower down).

This couple may the the Lee sister’s maternal grandparents James BUNGAY and Jane Maria TROWBRIDGE and the chap looks very much like the Lee sisters great uncle William BUNGAY (James’s brother). The Bungay’s lived in Alderbury, Wiltshire which is about 67 miles away, so I’m not sure what they would be doing there if this is them. If the the photos were taken between 1868-1875 using an older style pose and sporting fashion from the previous decade, their ages would be 41-48 for James and 52-61 for Jane as she was 10 years older than her husband. His white beard makes him look older than he actually is as his hair still has plenty of colour. If this couple is James and Jane, then I would have to date them at 1868, as James was recorded as “invalid” age 45 in the 1871 census and a few weeks later admitted into hospital (or lunatic asylum, the records don’t specify which) and died there nearly nine years later. There is another photo of the same lady (by M Guttenberg lower down) taken possibly ten years later and you can tell her age better in that one.

They all have the same back design.

This photo has the name “C V Bark” rather than “C Voss Bark” on the back. but still has square corners so could have been taken anywhere between 1868-1875.

This photo has rounded corners and “C Voss Bark” on the back. Rounded corners became popular from the mid 1870’s.

H Burrows
Photographic Artist, Portrait & Miniature Painter
23 Causeway, Bedminster, Bristol

Thomas Henry BURROWS (aka Henry) was born in Plymouth, Devon on 3rd Mar 1852 to parents Thomas BURROWS (a Life Assurance Agent) and Mary MACNALLY and had one younger brother. Thomas’s family moved from Plymouth to 6 Stanley Street in Bristol by 1871 and at age 18 was working as a Photographer. He married Lucy GUNTER in 1874 and in a 1879 directory is listed at 23 Nelson Parade, Bedminster Road. By 1881 Thomas, Lucy and his parents had moved up to Aston in Warwickshire. In 1891 Thomas and Lucy were in Hackeny, London, in 1901 Leyton, Essex and in 1911 East Ham, Essex. Thomas was still working as a photographer. Thomas and Lucy didn’t have any children, and Lucy died in 1917 aged 62. In 1939 Thomas was retired and living in Southend On Sea, Essex and died three years later in 1942 aged 89.

The Photographs

The card shape, print on back and full portrait point to early 1870’s.

Frederick George Christopher
131 Victoria Street, Bristol

Frederick George CHRISTOPHER was born 28th Oct 1851 in Upwey Dorset. He was the last of seven children born to James CHRISTOPHER (a Coast Guard and Commissioned Boatman) and Ann GREEN. Frederick’s father died when he was only 6 years old and was 17 when his mother died. He was living with his sister Sarah and her husband in 1871, age 19 and working as a Gardener in domestic service.

Frederick married Sarah TOWNSEND 13th Apr 1873 in Upwey, Dorset and was now working as a Railway Policeman. Their first child was born the following year and Frederick gave his occupation as Railway Ticket Collector on his baptism record. The family moved to Bristol at some point before 1876 when their second child was born.

  1. Frederick James Christopher (Jan-Mar 1874 – 1888)
  2. Eva Christopher (17th Nov 1876 – 1970)

In 1881 the family were living at 65 Stevens Crest in Bedminster near Bristol, where he was working as a Railway Guard and aged 28. Shortly after the census was taken Frederick changed careers, as in 1884 he had started working as a Photographer from 131 Victoria Street. He was only there until early 1887 as the property was put up for sale in 1886 (it took a while to go).

Tragedy struck in early 1888 when son Frederick died aged 14 (in Bedminster), which perhaps prompted the family to move as by 1891 they were living in Crewkerne in Somerset. Frederick continued to work as a Photographer in Crewkerne and died there 22nd Feb 1925 aged 73. Sarah died a couple of years later on 21st Feb 1927 age 77. Their daughter Eva never married, and was working as Picture Framer in 1939. She died mid 1970 aged 93.

The Photographs

Frederick was worked from 131 Victoria Street between c.1884 to 1887 (at the latest), which ties down the date of this photo quite easily. The card is quite thick, with a blank back. I don’t know who the lady in the picture is but looks to be in her early 20’s.

William Clark
Portrait & Landscape Photographer
27 Park Street, Bristol

This photo is a larger format to the others, which is why the back design is different.

The playing-card sized photos all have the same design on the back and rounded corners.

M Guttenberg
Artist & Photographer
17 Royal Promenade, Clifton, Bristol

Marcus GUTTENBERG was born about 1828 in Wloclawek, Poland to a Shoemaker of the same name. Marcus worked as a daguerreotype photographer in his home country as well as others before arriving in England in time for the 1851 census (where he was recorded as a Glazier, and lodging in Gawthrop, Yorkshire). Marcus married Elizabeth PHEASANT, the daughter of a Gunsmith, on 3rd Jan 1853 in Carlton, Yorkshire by which time he had set up in business as a Photographer (stating to be a “daguerreotypist” on his marriage certificate). They had four children together by the time the next census was taken, but sadly lost their second born at age 2. By 1861 the family were living in Scarborough and Marcus’s business was going from strength to strength, but in 1862 (and for reasons unknown) Elizabeth up and left her family, possibly heading for Paris and was never heard from again.

Three years later and now 43 years old, Marcus is recorded marrying (bigamously or not) the 22 year old Henriette PFLAUM in Berlin (recorded as “Berlin, Brandenburg, Preußen” – Prussia) on 6th Jan 1865. He brought his new wife back to England shortly after this and they set up a new life in Bristol, opening a new studio at 29 Triangle in Clifton by the August. Marcus’s brother Gerson GUTTENBERG and family also moved to England about the same time, heading to Durham first then to Bristol to run a branch studio Marcus set up at 33 Wine Street in 1869. The following year on 10th May 1870 Marcus moved his studio and family from 29 Triangle to 17 Royal Promenade nearby, which he had purpose built. The studio at 29 Triangle continued in its same use, firstly run by Phillips, Miles & Co between 1871-1874, then the The Clifton Fine Arts Photographic Company. In 1879 Marcus sold his premises at 17 Royal Parade and took back over 29 Triangle as a branch studio, leaving it to be run by a Scottish photographer named Robert EASTON under the trading name of “M. Guttenberg”. By this time Marcus and Henriette had seven children, although lost third child at 3 months old and their fifth at 3 years old. Two of their children were born deaf (second and seventh), and Marcus also lost his daughter from his first marriage in 1877 age 20 (although recorded as 19).

The family moved back up north 1879/1880 to Chorlton Upon Medlock, Lancashire (a suburb of Manchester) where Marcus set up studio again at 361 Oxford Street. In 1882, Robert Easton the manager of 29 Triangle became bankrupt and Marcus put the business up for sale, but shortly before the auction was held it was “disposed of privately” and advertised as under new management the following month, trading as “M Guttenberg & Co”. Marcus opened another branch in Manchester at 26 Victoria Street in 1883, and by 1884 he and Henriette had added a further two children to their family, making nine in total. During this time, Marcus’s son William (from his first marriage) had been studying photography in America, and on his return to England in the Spring of 1884 took over the running of 29 Triangle which he managed until 1890. By 1891 he had moved up north and was living with his family again (now age 32).

Marcus died on 11th Jun 1891 age about 63 (although recorded as 60) but just before he died was recorded in the 1891 census, and living at home with he and Henriette were William (35, unmarried, photographer), Charles (25, unmarried, photographer), Beatrice (22, unmarried), Percy (20, unmarried, photographer), Violet (10, scholar), Daisy (6, scholar), plus two servants. I’ve not found Marcus’s eldest son James in 1891 (who also worked as a photographer), nor Marcus and Henriette’s daughter Nora (age 16) or son Lionel (age 13) at this time. Henriette and several of her children moved to Hampstead, Middlesex after Marcus’s death, and in Apr 1895 Lionel was charged by his brother Charles with theft after stealing and selling various items belonging to his mother. He was remanded into custody for a week then the charges dropped by the family. This wasn’t the only drama to occur in 1895, as in the summer Marcus’s eldest son James (from his first marriage) died at age 42, and on 12th Dec son Charles was found dead from ingesting cyanide at age 30 (possibly taken as a narcotic rather than suicide, but the inquest was unable to confirm which). This wasn’t the only death by cyanide to be found in this family either, as on 17th Jan 1925 son William (the only child left from Marcus’s first marriage) took his own life at age 66 after becoming depressed with his life and lack of work. In 1901, Henriette and three of her daughters were living in Willesden, Middlesex where she was running a Boarding House. Henriette died four years later in 1905 aged 62.

The Photos

All five photos taken by M Guttenberg have the address 17 Royal Promenade on the back. Marcus worked from there between 1870 and 1878.

The fashion, pose and card design all point to this photo being taken in the early 1870’s.

The card design is the same, but the photos were probably taken a little later than above, so would date them early to mid 1870’s.

The card back bamboo a design became popular from 1874, and as the card still has square corners the photo is most likely from the mid 1870’s.

The rounded corners, fashion and posture point to late 1870’s for this photo. There is an early photo of this lady taken by Cyrus Voss BARK (see further up).

Frederick Hopkins
Art Photographer
Beethoven House, Victoria Street, Clifton

Frederick HOPKINS was the sixth of eleven children born to William HOPKINS, a Cabinet Maker, and Jane BODMAN, during late 1847 in Bath, Somerset. He’d moved to Bedmister near Bristol by 1871 and was working as a Photographic Assistant, unmarried and age 23. Two years later he married Lois Maria LIVERMORE on 11th Feb 1873 in Barton Hill, Bristol. Later that year adverts begin to appear for “HOPKINS AND AINSWORTH, Photographers, 1 Victoria Street, The Mall, Clifton, Bristol.“, with various adds running up until Aug 1874. By this time, Frederick and Lois had had their first child, Ellen Maud born 12th Nov 1873 (although there is a possibility they had a son literally just after marrying who subsequently died, with Lois becoming pregnant again almost immediately afterwards). At the time of Ellen’s baptism, the family were living at 23 Bellevue Terrace, Clifton. Their second child, Edith Mary, was born 12th Jun 1875 and the family had moved to 4 Canning Street. There is no more mention of “Hopkins & Ainsworth” after 1874, so would seem their partnership dissolved. I haven’t been able to identify who Ainsworth was.

Apr 1877 saw the birth of their third child, Joseph Frederick, and by Dec 1877 newspaper notices were placed to say Frederick had secured the whole of “Beethoven House, The Mall, Clifton” and alterations were underway. Sadly their son Joseph died in 27th Jan 1878 aged just 9 months. Lois was about four month pregnant at this time, and gave birth to their fourth child, Leonard William, on 4th Jun 1878. The family were living at 1 Victoria Street, Clifton when Leonard was baptised.

Their fifth child, Reginald Bernard was 1 month old when the census was taken on 3rd Apr 1881. The family were now living at 2 King Street, Bristol. Their daughter Edith (age 5) was not present, but haven’t found here elsewhere. Their last child was born in 1882 (Frederick Joseph), registered between Apr-Jun. Other than this one record, nothing else about him is known. In the Jun of 1882 a newspaper report was published about a man called Frederick HOPKINS, who was in the employ of photographer John MILES. On 10th and 14th of May Frederick stole 30 shillings (about £192 today), money he had collected from various people on behalf of John MILES. Frederick was apprehended at Regent Street, Bristol and charged with embezzlement. Could this be the same man? There are no more records for Frederick, other than a mention of his premise of Beethoven House being used by another photographer by the name of John William HILDER in 1884 (probably taken over in late 1883). In 1889 to 1891 Lois is found in and out of Newington Workhouse, London and now a widow. Daughter Ellen was lodging in Mancherster in 1891 and working as a Photographic Assistant age 17, and daughter Edith was living with her aunt and uncle (her mother’s sister) in Reigate, Surrey age 15. Son Leonard was age 12 and a scholar in a Shaftsbury School in Bisley, Surrey. The school was a branch of national refuges for “destitute children” and homed 150 boys. I’ve not found their son Reginald, or their last born child Frederick. Lois was admitted and discharged from the Whitechapel Infirmary with a chest infection several times between 1897-1898, finally dying there on 25th Jun 1898 age 43 (but registered as 40).

The Photographs

There is only one photograph taken by Frederick HOPKINS. Looking at the style of the clothing, pose and back design, I would say this was taken c.1875.

W H Midwinter
Artist & Photographer
24 College Green, Bristol

William Henry MIDWINTER was born 18th Aug 1837 in Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire, the first of three children born to William MIDWINTER and Elizabeth COOPER. William’s parents ran the Pheasant Tavern in Little Hampton Street, Birmingham where they brewed their own beer. William was 10 when his father died age 52 on 27th Jul 1848 from a long an painful illness, and his sisters were just 8 and 4.

William enlisted into the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons in 1854 age 17, fought in the Crimean War and was present at the Siege of Sevastopol and other, and received two medals (Crimean and Turkish) and a clasp. William had made Sergeant by 1858, but was bought out of the army shortly after and in 1861 was living with his mother and sisters in Bristol (where his mother was originally from) at age 23, unmarried and working as an artist photographer. Although no longer in the regular army, William joined the Bristol Volunteer Artillery and served with them for 21 years (for which he was awarded the Volunteer Long Service medal). His later obituary stated he became band superintendent and also acted as drum major. He was also a performing member of the old Bristol Histrionic Society, and one of the first members of the Clifton Bicycling Club.

William married Thirza EDWARDS on 3rd Dec 1861 in St Clements Church, Bristol. The name “William Henry Midwinter” was listed three times in the 1863 directory, at  1 Gloucester Street (artist), 3 Bridge Street (photographer) and 24 Bridge Street (photographer), so looks to have had three premises. William and Thirza were living at 1 Gloucester Street when the 1871 census was taken, the home of Thirza’s father. They didn’t have any children together and Thirza died in 1872 as 45. William remarried just over a years after the death of his first wife to Kate Bretherton HARVEY on 28th Aug 1873 in All Saints Church, Bishopston, Bristol. William was age 36 and Kate 20. They didn’t have any children of their own either, but did take in Kate’s niece (Kate Midwinter LLOYD) to look after from at least age 3.

William continued to work from 24 College Green until Jul 1878 when he moved to 49 Park Street, where he was living when the 1881 census was taken with wife Kate (plus her niece and two domestic servants). William was employing 1 male and 1 female assistant, plus 1 boy at the time. Kate’s brother Walter George HARVEY was also working as a photographer in 1881 (age 20), so may even have been that “1 male” assistant. By 1888 William was working from 48 Park Street, and the 1891 census records William living with his wife, his two unmarried sisters, Kate’s niece and one servant. They had all moved yet again by the time the 1901 census was taken, now living at “Edgbaston”, 13 Iddesleigh Road, with the last directory entry for 48 Park Street in 1902 (as William Henry Midwinter & Co.).

William was age 73 when the 1911 census was taken and still working as a photographer. He and his wife were now living at 10 Canowie Road, Redland, Bristol along with Kate’s niece (recorded as their “adopted daughter” for the first and only time), one of William’s sisters (his other sister having died two years previous) and another niece. Also noted was that William was deaf, and had been for 68 years. This would mean he’d been deaf since about age 6 in 1843.

William retired at the outbreak of WWI in 1914, and the business was taken over by his brother-in-law Walter. William died two years later on 8th Nov 1816 at 2 Wetherell Place, Clifton, Bristol age 79, having become invalid for the last two years of his life. His previous residence was 32 Manor Park, Redland, Bristol and this was the address Kate died at on 8th Apr 1942 age 88.

The Photographs

William Henry MIDWINTER worked from 24 College Green, Bristol between Oct 1863 and Jul 1878. Rounded corners became popular in the mid 1870’s and the back design points to the later 1870’s. As William left 24 College Green in 1878, this must have been one of the later portraits to be taken there. The gentleman could be in his twenties, so born early 1850’s.

Phillips, Miles & Co
Artists and Photographers / Miniature Painters and Photographers
9 Clare Street, Bristol
29 Triangle, Queen’s Road, Clifton
15 Royal Promenade, Queen’s Road, Clifton

Joseph PHILLIPS and John MILES were half brothers, sharing the same mother (Elizabeth WATTS). Joseph was born c.1834 in Bristol to Abraham PHILLIPS (a Hawker) and Elizabeth WATTS (a Milliner). I’ve not found a baptism record for Joseph or a marriage record for his parents. In 1841 the same household contained Abraham, Elizabeth and Joseph, plus Elizabeth’s father and a Benjamin MICHAEL (also a Hawker). Abraham looks to have died between 1841-51, although I’ve not found a record of this, and Elizabeth was now married to a Polish chap called Benjamin MILES (a General Dealer). I suspect both Benjamin’s are the same man. Again, no marriage record has unearthed yet. By 1851 Benjamin and Elizabeth had two of their own children, the first being John MILES who was born 1846 in Bristol. Joseph was now age 17 and working as an “Apprentice to Painter”. He was described as “son-in-law” to the head of the house, which doubled up to also mean “step-son” on early census records. By 1861 Joseph was working as a Lithographic Printer and now married (yet again, no record found), and living next door to his family, which now consisted of three half brothers and John now age 14).

Joseph joined the Freemasons in 1865; his occupation was “Photographer” and address “Clare Street“. John was 18 now, and most likely started to work together by now. In 1871, Joseph and his wife were boarding at 29 Triangle, Queen’s Road, Clifton whilst John was still at home (both occupations were “photographer”).

John MILES married Elizabeth DUNN in 1872 and in an 1879 directory is listed as “Miles, John, photographer” at 9 Clare Street and also under Photographers as “Phillips, Miles & Co” at 9 Clare Street and 15 Royal Promenade. In an 1880 directory, Joseph is listed as “Phillips, Joseph, photographer” at 15 Royal Promenade and also as “Phillips & Miles, miniature painters and photographers” at 9 Clare Street and 15 Royal Promenade. In 1881, Joseph was boarding alone at 4 York Road, Bristol whilst his wife Charlotte was living in their home at Redland Terrace in Westbury on Trym (just outside of Bristol and where his brother, mother and step-father now lived). He described himself as a Artist. John and his wife Elizabeth were living with his parents at 12 Hampton Terrace, Westbury on Trym and described himself as a “Photographic Artist”. The last directory entry for the brothers (that I’ve found) was in 1886 listed separately as “John Miles & Co, artists and photographers” at 9 Clare Street and “Joseph Miles, photographer” at 5 Clare Street.

I’ve found John lodging on his own in 1891 (still married) at 13 Oxford Street in Westbury on Trym, listed as “Photographer”, but I’ve not found his wife Elizabeth. Nor have I found Joseph or his wife Charlotte or any records for them at all after this point.

The Photographs

This is the oldest Phillips, Miles & Co photo, which I would date to late 1860’s. It is numbered “4448”, which suggests the studio had been set up for a little while by the time it was take. The 29 Triangle address seems to have been pretty short lived, which also helps with the dating.

These two could almost be a pair, but the negative numbers are over 600 apart. Other than the card stock colour, the back design is the same. I would date these around mid to late 1870’s.

The back design has changed on this photo, which is slightly later than the two above. I believe the photo is of the Lee sisters uncle James BUNGAY (their mother’s brother), and taken 1878-1881. I haven’t identified the lady yet.

T Protheroe
Photographic Artist
36 Wine Street, Bristol / 35 & 36 Wine Street, Bristol

Thomas PROTHEROE was born 1847 in Swansea, Wales. [more to come]

H Wilcox / Henry Wilcox
Artist & Photographer / Photographer & Portrait Painter
50 Park Street, Bristol

Henry WILCOX was born 1835 in Thornbury, Gloucestershire. [more to come]

Herr Zachari
Artist & Photographer
14 Clare Street, Bristol

Morris ZACHARI was born 1825-1829 in Germany, possibly in or around Berlin. He first shows up in UK records when he married Sarah LYONS in 1857 in Cardiff, Wales. He married Sarah as “Max ZACHARI“, and in 1861 was also recorded as “Max”. Thereafter he was always recorded as “Morris”. Sarah was born in Swansea in 1839 to Polish parents and she was about 18 when she married Max (who was about 35). Max and Sarah had seven children, the first three of which died in infancy.

  1. Leon Zachari (1857-bef.1861)
  2. Frederica Zachari (1861-1861)
  3. Rebekah Zachari (1861-1861)
  4. Abraham Isaac Zachari (1862-1920)
  5. Dora Zachari (1864)
  6. Pauline Zachari (1867)
  7. Miriam Zachari (1870)

In 1861, Morris (recorded as “Max”) and family were living at 114 Temple Street in Bristol. He was working as a Photo Artist and born in Preußen (Prissia). Just to confuse things, there was another Max Zachari working in Bristol at the same time who was a professor of Languages.

In 1863 Morris was working from 13 Clare Street, and a newspaper advert described him as “from Berlin”.

Business can’t have been going that well, or perhaps there were other causes, but at some point in 1866 his debts became too much and he became a prisoner for debt at Bristol Goal. In the August he was declared bankrupt and appeared in court twice more before an Order of Discharge was granted.

In 1867 Morris was in the local papers again, but this time due to his brother-in-law Solomon KAUFMAN (spelt Coughman in the report, and married Sarah’s sister Dinah LYONS in 1859 not a sister of Morris). It notes that Morris was now working from Carlton Place, Clifton.

Although Morris appeared in the 1868 directory at 13 Clare Street, he was no longer there at that time and in fact working from 33 Wine Street as shown by another Bankruptcy charge in the March and the subsequent selling of his equipment to pay of his debtors in the July. The following year the premises was taken over by Marcus GUTTENBERG (see higher up).

In 1871 the family were living at 53 Colston Street, Bedminster (near Bristol). A newspaper advert places his studio at 14 Clare Street in 1875, when he was looking for a young man to assist him with his photography (and most likely there from about 1871 looking at other photos found on the internet), but in 1879 another advert lists his business “to be disposed of” (at 14 and 15 Clare Street). A directory entry from 1880 places his studio at 15 Cleeve Street, Bristol but I wonder is this was not a spelling mistake and meant to be Clare Street.

In 1881 the family had moved again, and were now living at 22 Trinity Street where they remained until 1884. In 1882 Morris was also working as a money lender as “The Dispatch Loan Company” then “Dispatch Loan Company” from 31 Nicholas Street and then 21 Nicholas Street. The family moved from Trinity Street to 115 Ashley Road, Bristol in 1884 and then to Buchanon Villa, 1 Nottingham Road, Bristol in 1891 just before the census was taken. Morris’s wife Sarah was also working as a private money lender and in 1891 she was the sole wage earner with Morris’s occupation noted as “No Occupation, Maintained by Wife”, and Sarah’s occupation was “Financess”. Morris had retired by 1901, but Sarah was still lending money. They had one child still living at home, Abraham who was 39 and described as an “Imbecile” (as he had been since the 1891 census). Morris died in 1905 at the age of 80 (as per he death certificate, although he could have been about 76). Sarah and Abraham were still living at the same address in 1911, and although she didn’t write down her occupation, was still lending money up to 1920 (age 81) when her son Abraham died (age 58). Sarah died in the Kingsway Nursing Home in Bishopston on 18th Feb 1930 age 91.

The Photographs

There is one photograph taken by Morris Zachari with the address “14 Clare Street” stamped on the back. The card back is very simple so doesn’t give many clues to dates, but has rounded corners which became popular from the mid 1870’s onwards. He was at this address between 1871-1879. I don’t know who the chap is, but would date this photo between 1875-1879.

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