ARNOLD/CLARKE – John Albert Arnold / John Albert Clarke (1899-1918)

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War Memorial – Hadleigh, Essex

The St James The Less church WWI plaque lists J A Arnold as having died in 1918, and the memorial plaque names him as John A Arnold.

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission states:

  • Service Number: 368003
  • Regiment & Unit/Ship: London Regiment, 7th Bn.
  • Date of Death: 26 April 1918
  • Buried or commemorated at POZIERES MEMORIAL, France, Panel 86 and 87.
  • Country of Service: United Kingdom

*original name John Albert ARNOLD

John Albert ARNOLD (aka CLARKE)

John Albert Arnold was born 5th March 1899 in Islington, London to Francis Calder Mander Arnold and Sarah Hooker. He was one of four children from his mothers first marriage (1889 in Clerkenwell, Middlesex), with a further brother from her second marriage to Charles Clarke (1905 in Leytonstone, Essex). This was also Charles’s second marriage, who had seven children with his first wife (the youngest three died in infancy, the last one just after remarrying). It is interesting to note that the Arnold family and Clarke family were next door neighbours in 1891.

John’s father Francis was a stick mounter (he decorated walking sticks), born 1870 in Birmingham, Warwickshire, and his mother Sarah was born 1871 in  Islington, Middlesex. They had four children before Francis died in 1902.

  1. Francis Arnold – born 8th Jan 1889 in Islington, Middlesex
  2. Rachel Nellie Arnold – born 30th Apr 1893 in Islington, Middlesex
  3. Florence Sarah Arnold – born 10th Oct 1896 in Islington, Middlesex
  4. John Albert Arnold – born 5th Mar 1899 in Islington, Middlesex

Their father Francis died in 1902 aged 31, and Sarah remarried to their former next door neighbour Charles Clarke in 1905. Charles was a Firewood Dealer, born 1863 in Shoreditch, Middlesex. They had one child together after moving to Essex.

  1. Sydney Charles born 27 Mar 1910 Thundersley, Essex

At some point between 1911-15 the family moved from Thundersley to Hadleigh, to 4 The Broadway. On 20th Feb 1915, 15 year old John travelled into Southend-On-Sea to enlist in the Royal Field Artillery. He gave his age as “18y 11m”, birth place “Bow, London”, and occupation “Porter”. His mother “Sarah Clark” is listed as his next of kin. He was promptly discharged 21 days later on 12th March “having made a mis-statement as to age on enlistment”, just after his 16th birthday.

1st Enlistment

  • Name: John Albert Arnold
  • Birth Year: 1896 / 1988
  • Birth Place: Bow, Middlesex
  • Enlistment Date: 20 Feb 1915 in Southend-On-Sea, Essex
  • Residence at Enlistment: 4 The Broadway, Hadleigh, Essex
  • Occupation at Enlistment: Porter
  • Discharge Date: 12 Mar 1915
  • Discharge Reason: Under Age
  • Rank: Private
  • Regiment: Royal Field Artillery
  • Regimental Number: 69574

Five weeks later he enlisted again, this time from London into the Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry as a Private. He gives his age as “19y 1m”, birth place “Bow, London”, and occupation “Sawyer”. His residence was “3 Driffield Road”, which was his older brother Francis address in Bow (a wood sawyer at this time).

This time he made it 194 days before being discharged on 30th Oct 1915 for “being under 17 years of age at the date of application”. His age at discharge was recorded as 16y 6m. This time he saw action, and was part of the British Expeditionary Force in France from 20th Aug to 5th Oct. He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, British War Medal & Victory Medal for his service.

2nd Enlistment

  • Name: John Albert Arnold
  • Birth Year: 1896 / 1899
  • Birth Place: Bow, Middlesex
  • Enlistment Date: 20 Apr 1915 in London
  • Residence at Enlistment: 3 Driffield Road, Bow, Middlesex
  • Occupation at Enlistment: Sawyer
  • Discharge Date: 30 Oct 1915
  • Discharge Reason: Under Age
  • Rank: Private
  • Regiment: Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry
  • Regimental Number: 19681
  • Medals Awarded: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal

He moved back to Hadleigh after his discharge, the in Nov 1917 John enlisted again in Stratford, London, using the name “John Albert Clarke” with residence “Ilford, Essex”. Between 7th-10th April 1918 he was a Private in 21st (City of London) Battalion: London Regiment SN 656179. He was transferred to the 7th Londoners (SN 368003) on the 11th, and became part of the battle at Villers-Bretonneux. The 7th Londoners were witness the first tank versus tank action in history on 18th April, and lost many men to shell fire and gas attack. Villers-Bretonneux was cleared of enemy troops on 25 April, but the following day on 26th April 1918 John died from wounds. He was awarded to British War Medal and Victory Medal for the second time. His mother Sarah received his pay.

3rd Enlistment

  • Name: John Albert Clarke
  • Birth Year: 1899
  • Birth Place: Bow, Middlesex
  • Enlistment Date: Nov 1917 in Stratford, London
  • Residence at Enlistment: Ilford, Essex
  • Rank: Private
  • Regiment: 21st & 7th City of London Battalion: London Regiment
  • Regimental Number: 656179 & 368003
  • Death Date: 26th Apr 1918
  • Death Place: Villers-Bretonneux, France
  • Cemetery: Pozieres Memorial
  • Type of Casualty: Died of Wounds
  • Medals Awarded: British War Medal and Victory Medal

I’m not sure when John’s mother and step father died. All his siblings married and had children.

  1. Francis married Alice Maud Rosetta Free in 1906. They were still living at 3 Driffield Road in 1939. Alice was still there in 1965, but Francis was no longer there from 1947 so most likely died between 1939-47. In 1939 he was working as a Millwright Engineer at a Petrol Refinery. They had three children together.
  2. Rachel married Arthur James Miles (a labourer from Benfleet) 1911 in Thundersley, Essex. They had three sons. In 1939, Rachel is living with their middle son Oswald in Sussex, and Arthur was living with another woman in West Ham (Gladys Harvey – they married in 1943 just a few months before she died). Arthur in 1955 in Kent and Rachel in 1975 in Surrey. Their son Oswald Francis Arnold Miles was killed in action 31st May 1940 during the retreat to Dunkirk in WWII. He was a Gunner in the Royal Horse Artillery.
  3. Florence married William Stanley Weaving 1918 in Hadleigh and had two sons. Their first son was born in Hadleigh in 1921, and in 1922 the family emigrated to Australia, where they had their second son. Their youngest son Kenneth Arnold Charles Weaving joined the Royal Australian Air Force during WWII and was killed in action in 1943. Florence died in Australia in 1961 her husband in 1990.
  4. John’s half brother Sydney married Ethel Cicely Tidman in 1931 and had at least one son. Sydney died in 1986 and his wife Ethel in 1988, both remained in the Southend area.

Family Tree

John’s father, Francis Calder Mander ARNOLD was the first of six children born in Birmingham, Warwickshire to parents Francis ARNOLD and Rachel WOODMAN. His father worked as a Electro Plate Whip Chaser, Silver Chaser and Stick Mount Chaser.

John’s mother, Sarah Ann Jane HOOKER, was the forth of eight children born in Islington, London to parents Charles Archibald HOOKER (a Fire Wood Cutter) and Sarah Ann COMPTON. Charles was previously married to Sarah Ann HUBBUCKS in 1856 but I have found no death for her, nor a marriage record for him to Sarah Compton. It’s possible that his first wife was related to his second wife through the Hubbucks line (and that they weren’t actually married).

John’s paternal grandfather, Francis ARNOLD, was the first of three children born in St Pancras, London to George ARNOLD and Catherine Ann CALDER. George was a Warehouseman for a cabinet and general house furnishing company and born in Essex, whilst Catherine was born in Scotland. Of the three children, only their daughter lived with them. Francis was brought up by his aunt and uncle (his mother’s sister), Francis Brookes MANDER and Margaret CALDER. This explains why he named his son (John’s father) Francis Calder Mander Arnold. His uncle Francis was a Bailiff Farmer, and also a Chelsea Pensioner. He’d been a Sergeant with the Royal Regiment Of Artillery (Second Battalion) between 1815-1836.
John’s paternal grandmother, Rachel WOODMAN, was the forth of twelve children to parents John WOODMAN (a Journeyman Wire Worker) and Herodias BLENKIN. Their first child died at age 17, and the next two in infancy. After Rachel was born they lost five more children in infancy followed by two more who survived. Eight years later Herodias had another child, but sadly she either died in childbirth or very shortly afterwards, followed by John seven years later. Rachel looked after her youngest sister from the time their mother died.

John’s maternal grandfather, Charles Archibald HOOKER, was the sixth of eight children born in (or near) Hackney, London to parents Joseph William HOOKER (a Cabinet Maker) and Mary Ann MALCOM. Joseph died in 1843, two years after the birth of their last child. Mary remarried in 1850 to Samuel AUSTIN. Samuel, a Shoe Maker, was twenty years her senior. They had one child together, but I don’t think she survived childhood.
John’s maternal grandmother, Sarah Ann COMPTON, was the first of nine children born to parents James COMPTON (a Wood Sawyer) and Sophia HUBBUCKS. Both James and Sophia were born in Buckinghamshire, their first child (Sarah) was born in Berkshire, and the rest in Paddington and Islington, London. Sophia died in 1869, and I suspect James also died before the 1871 census as one of the younger children was living with his sister Sarah (John’s grandmother) and her family in 1871.

Link To Hadleigh

When John first enlisted (underage) into the army in 1915 he was living at 4 The Broadway, Hadleigh, Essex with his mother and step father, who were still living there in 1926. This is why his name appears on the Hadleigh War Memorial.

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